Delegates Meet to Exchange South-South Knowledge on Livestock Development

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“In 2030, the world should be producing 376 million tonnes of meat in a sustainable way”

Algiers, 23 March 2016 – Investing in sustainable livestock development can contribute not only to food security but also to the fight against poverty and various other development goals linked to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, experts stated during an inter-regional workshop of delegations from the Arab States, Europe and Central Asia, held in Algiers this week.

The world’s livestock sector is growing at an unprecedented rate and the driving force behind this surge is a combination of population growth, rising incomes and urbanization. Annual meat production is projected to increase from today’s 225 million tonnes to 376 million tonnes by 2030.

In well-planned mixed-farming systems, experts emphasized, farmers can increase the productivity of both crops and animals in a more profitable and sustainable way. In this way livestock can make a major contribution to the efficient use of available resources. Livestock production presents a source of high-quality food, but it is also a source of income for many small farmers in developing countries.

Investing in this sector has the potential to create both production and marketing jobs especially for women and youth in rural areas.

Developing countries, regardless of their size or level of development, have accumulated varying degrees of capacities and experiences in inclusive growth and development that can be shared on a South-South basis.

As an example, over the last fifteen years, support to farmers granted by Algerian public authorities have focused on the provision of fodder and the rearrangement of grazing practices. The support also has been given for artificial insemination and for strengthening the red meat industry in new large capacity plants. The poultry sector also has been supported by various policies. In the dairy industry, government support has increased milk production considerably. These efforts have enabled the total value of livestock production to reach 23.3 billion USD; equivalent to 32 percent of gross domestic product from agriculture.

At the meeting in the capital of Algeria, experts of the public and private sector from the Arab region and the ECIS region* as well as other stakeholders exchanged information on successful policies and home-grown solutions in the area of livestock management to combat poverty and to enhance food security.  Participants also discussed the public-private partnership models and prerequisites for creating an enabling environment for the promotion of South-South investment within participating countries. The workshop also included field visits to livestock facilities around Algiers.

Some of the replicable and scalable solutions presented by Algeria and various other delegations are expected to lay the basis for pilot transfers of solutions aimed at benefiting concrete groups of farmers, including youth and women in selected rural communities in the participating countries.

Livestock remains the world’s largest consumer of land resources, with pasture and land dedicated to the production of fodder representing almost 80 per cent of the total agricultural land. The sector uses 3.4 billion hectares for grazing and one-third of global arable land to grow feed crops, accounting for more than 40 per cent of world cereal production. Therefore, sustainable management of resources in livestock development is of utmost importance.

In the Arab region, livestock plays a crucial role in the economies of many countries. The value of livestock products accounts for between 30-50 per cent of agricultural output in the region, where 75 per cent of the poor depend partially on livestock. A number of constraints, including climate and environmental conditions, low productivity, animal diseases and poor access to markets, instability of input provisions, conflicts and insecurity can seriously impede the development of the sector.

In the transition countries of Europe and Central Asia, which are not homogenous in economic, political, social or geographical terms, governments are investing considerable amounts in promoting livestock and poultry farming toward achieving self-sufficiency.

The three-day gathering in Algiers resulted in the development of the roadmap for future collaboration aiming to attain national development priorities in the sector of Livestock of participating countries.

The South-South Knowledge Exchange and Coordination Workshop on Livestock Development was organized within the framework of the partnership initiative on South-South and Triangular Cooperation for Agricultural Development and Enhanced Food Security (SSTC-ADFS) jointly supported by the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), the Islamic Development Bank (IsDB), and the United Nations Office for South-South Cooperation (UNOSSC). The workshop was hosted by the Government of Algeria through its Ministry of Agriculture, Rural Development and Fisheries and the Algerian National Institute for Agronomy Research (INRAA).

Prior to this workshop that was hosted by Algeria, on 21-23 March 2016, two workshops within the same initiative were held in Turkey, on Farmer Based Organizations, and then in Hungary, on Agricultural Biotechnology, in 2015. Apart from Livestock Development, led by Algeria, another theme of the SSTC-ADFS initiative is the Sustainable Use of Water Resources which has been agreed by the participating countries to be a broad cross-cutting theme where a number of countries will lead certain sub-themes.

* Participating countries: Algeria, Hungary, Kyrgyzstan, Morocco, Sudan, Tunisia, Turkey, and Uzbekistan

South-South Cooperation: 
South-South Cooperation is a process whereby two or more developing countries pursue their individual and/or shared national capacity development objectives through exchanges of knowledge, skills, resources and technical know-how, and through regional and interregional collective actions, including partnerships involving Governments, regional organizations, civil society, academia and the private sector, for their individual and/or mutual benefit within and across regions. South-South cooperation is not a substitute for, but rather a complement to, North-South cooperation.

Triangular Cooperation: Triangular cooperation involves Southern-driven partnerships between two or more developing countries supported by a developed country(ies) or multilateral organization(s) to implement development cooperation programmes and projects. Evidence shows that in many instances Southern providers of development cooperation require the financial and technical support and expertise of multilateral and/or developed-country partners in the course of assisting other developing countries. Northern partners also benefit by being able to take advantage of increased institutional capacity in the South and to increase the impact of their aid disbursements by leveraging the resources of multiple Southern partners.

United Nations Office for South-South Cooperation: The United Nations Office for South-South Cooperation (UNOSSC) promotes, coordinates and supports South-South and triangular cooperation on a global and United Nations system-wide basis. Formerly known as the Special Unit for South-South Cooperation, the United Nations Office for South-South Cooperation, hosted by UNDP, was established by the United Nations General Assembly in 1974. It receives policy directives and guidance from the General Assembly High-level Committee (HLC) on South-South Cooperation, which is a committee of the whole and a subsidiary body of the General Assembly that reviews worldwide progress in South-South cooperation.

For more information on South-South Cooperation: