The two-decade conflict in Somalia resulted in a collapse of the country’s political, civil and economic institutions, which are now in the process of re-emerging. Currently, Somalia’s economy is dominated by the informal sector and is predominantly based on agriculture and livestock, which accounts for about 65 percent of the GDP and employment of the workforce.
The stock-taking exercise mission to Somalia commenced on 29th May 2016 with a briefing meeting to the UNDP Acting Deputy country Director-Programme/GROLS Programme Manager, Franco Sanchez.
Preparatory meeting was held on 30 May with the national Focal Point on South-South Cooperation and followed by a consultative meeting with representatives from the Ministry of Planning & International cooperation and Ministry of Foreign affairs. Consultations addressed the important issues on establishing strong civil institutions and internal coordination in achieving the objectives of South-South cooperation.
Two major consultative meetings were held on 31 May and 1 June respectively, involving the 8 line ministries and being chaired by the Permanent Secretary (PS) of the Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation (MOPIC). The 7 PSs and 40 senior officials from key line ministries closely relevant to SSC raised their issues, concerns and expectations from the SSC.
A presentation on “Trends and Opportunities in Advancing South-South and Triangular Cooperation in The Federal Republic of Somalia” was introduced by the regional advisor for UNOSSC.
Joint meeting held on 1 June brought together representatives of the civil society institutions and the private sector. Such critical issues, as the way of addressing the balance between the government, civil society and the private sector, as well building trust between them, were addressed during the meeting, In this regard the mechanism of the Public Private Partnership was presented as an effective tool for policyy dialogue.
Results of the national stocktaking exercise will be reflected in the relevant report to be produced by the UNOSSC.
South-South Cooperation: South-South Cooperation is a process whereby two or more developing countries pursue their individual and/or shared national capacity development objectives through exchanges of knowledge, skills, resources and technical know-how, and through regional and interregional collective actions, including partnerships involving Governments, regional organizations, civil society, academia and the private sector, for their individual and/or mutual benefit within and across regions. South-South cooperation is not a substitute for, but rather a complement to, North-South cooperation.
Triangular Cooperation: Triangular cooperation involves Southern-driven partnerships between two or more developing countries supported by a developed country(ies) or multilateral organization(s) to implement development cooperation programmes and projects. Evidence shows that in many instances Southern providers of development cooperation require the financial and technical support and expertise of multilateral and/or developed-country partners in the course of assisting other developing countries. Northern partners also benefit by being able to take advantage of increased institutional capacity in the South and to increase the impact of their aid disbursements by leveraging the resources of multiple Southern partners.
United Nations Office for South-South Cooperation: The United Nations Office for South-South Cooperation (UNOSSC) promotes, coordinates and supports South-South and triangular cooperation on a global and United Nations system-wide basis. Formerly known as the Special Unit for South-South Cooperation, the United Nations Office for South-South Cooperation, hosted by UNDP, was established by the United Nations General Assembly in 1974. It receives policy directives and guidance from the General Assembly High-level Committee (HLC) on South-South Cooperation, which is a committee of the whole and a subsidiary body of the General Assembly that reviews worldwide progress in South-South cooperation.
For more information on South-South Cooperation: http://unsouthsouth.org